Future careers: developing skills for the job market and job creation
MP4 Video: Duration: 01:20min.; Size: 752MB
Please cite as: Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf), (2021). Future careers: developing skills for the job market and job creation. [Online] Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11911/219
Presentation by Prof Maximus Sefotho on 12 November 2021. Klaus Schwab, the executive chairman of the World Economic Forum (WEF) was the first to introduce the phrase Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) to a team of scientists developing a high-tech strategy for a German government in 2015. In 2016 the WEF annual meeting theme was “Mastering the Fourth Industrial Revolution”, in Davos, Switzerland. The 4IR has seen the developments in artificial intelligence, genetics, nanotechnology, 3D printing, biotechnology and smart systems, to name but a few that are amplifying and supporting each other. This has lay a very strong foundation for a more comprehensive and all-inclusive revolution than ever imagined. The introduction of smart- homes, farms, grids, and cities make service delivery to be easier, faster, and efficient even in dealing with problems beguiling the system. It allows people to share the economy and monetize everything. While there are positive gains, there are negatives as well. The patterns of production, consumption and employment created by the 4IR pose major challenges that require adaptation and adoption of new ways of doing things. The 4IR brings with it broader socio-economic, demographic, and geopolitical drivers of change whose intersectionalities influence and intensify each other. There is a need for industry adjustment and personal skills development to prepare for the opportunities availed by this change and to avoid career dislocation. Career-guidance is one of the important bridges between the labour-market and the educational sphere. This webinar begins a conversation about career development in general and how young people can be guided and supported to make decisions that are tune with the needs of the 4IR. It begins a conversation what young people need to consider as they prepare for the 4IR and the contribution they are mostly going to make if they prepare well in advance.
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